Obesity Associated with Insulin Resistance
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but is unable to use it properly. The pancreas compensates for the increased demand for insulin by producing even more. Eventually, the pancreas fails to keep up with the body's need for insulin, and glucose builds up in the bloodstream, setting the stage for diabetes.
As the obesity epidemic spreads among children in the United States, more children are being diagnosed with insulin resistance. Approximately 20% of children in the U.S. are obese. Obesity is a contributing factor for children who are insulin resistant, and these children may go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
Pediatric Hyperinsulinemia Treatment in Novi, MI
Hyperinsulinemia is not diabetes, but it means that there is a higher-than-normal amount of insulin in a person’s blood. The condition is often associated with type 2 diabetes. It can be caused by insulin resistance, in which the pancreas makes more insulin to compensate for the body’s resistance to its effects.
If your child is overweight or obese and you are concerned that they might be insulin resistant or at risk for type 2 diabetes, contact Endocrine Kids to learn more about our weight management pathway. Call our Novi, Michigan office at (248) 347-3344 for an appointment, or you can use our secure online appointment request form.
Insulin Resistance Signs
- Impaired fasting blood sugar or impaired glucose tolerance
This occurs because the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to overcome the insulin resistance. Blood sugar levels rise and eventually diabetes is diagnosed.
- High blood pressure
Studies suggest that the worse the blood pressure, the worse the insulin resistance.
- Abnormal cholesterol levels
The typical cholesterol levels of a person with insulin resistance are low HDL, or good cholesterol, and high levels of another blood fat called triglycerides.
Obesity is a major factor in the development of insulin resistance, especially abdominal obesity or belly fat. Obesity promotes insulin resistance and negatively impacts insulin responsiveness in a person. Weight loss can improve the body's ability to recognize and use insulin appropriately.