Pedistric Diabetes Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. During the disease process, the body mistakenly recognizes the islet cells (the cells that produce the hormone insulin in the pancreas) as foreign and destroys them. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes, and it cannot be prevented. It is a lifelong condition. Type 1 diabetes must be treated with insulin. Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone produced in the body from the islet cells in the pancreas and is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism. The body cannot survive without insulin, so patients with type 1 diabetes depend on external insulin for their survival because the hormone is no longer produced internally. Successful treatment of this disease must integrate a whole lifestyle adjustment in addition to insulin therapy.
Formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes usually appears before the age of 20, although there are cases in people older than this. People with type 1 diabetes need to diligently manage their disease to remain healthy and reduce the risk of medical complications.
In addition to insulin therapy, careful monitoring of glucose levels, carbohydrate intake, and a healthy diet and exercise work in tandem to control symptoms and improve the health and well-being of people with this disease. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes tend to develop rapidly and may often resemble symptoms of the seasonal flu or stomach flu. Even after diagnosis, it is important to know the signs of elevated blood sugar. Regardless, many people with type 1 diabetes lead long, healthy lives. Improvements in insulin therapy and technology have greatly improved the management of this condition.
Pediatric Diabetes Management in Novi, MI
At Endocrine Kids in Novi, Michigan, we know that an established relationship with your healthcare provider is a critical factor in leading a normal, active life. Successful disease management means working as a team with your doctor and family. Call our office at (248) 347-3344 for an appointment, or you can use our secure online appointment request form.
Diabetes Type 1 Symptoms and Treatments
- Frequent urination
- Extreme thirst and dry mouth
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased hunger
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Urinary tract/vaginal infections
- Blurred vision
- Multiple daily injections (MDI) with single-use syringes
- Insulin pump
- Repeated-use insulin pens with disposable needles